Authubillaahi min ash-Shaytaani rajeem
Bismillaahi ar-Rahmaan ar-Raheem, as-Salaatu was-Salaam ‘ala Rasulullaah
The popular Sunni claim is that all four of their Madhhahib are correct and anyone who follows one of them is upon the truth.
This belief is grossly flawed. Anyone who knows the basic rulings derived through each Madhhab will understand the major contradictions and fragility of their Usool.
Allaah aza wajal says [an-Nisaa’ 4:82]:
أَفَلَا يَتَدَبَّرُونَ الْقُرْآنَ ۚ وَلَوْ كَانَ مِنْ عِندِ غَيْرِ اللَّهِ لَوَجَدُوا فِيهِ اخْتِلَافًا كَثِيرًا
“Then do they not reflect upon the Quraan? If it had been from other than Allaah, they would have found within it much contradiction”
Here Allaah aza wajal is exclaiming the greatness of Islaam and one of its illuminating attributes, that there is no contradictions, inconsistencies, discrepancies or conflicting statements in it. So how can it be possible that all the Sunni Madhhahib be correct even though they are full of contradictions and built upon discrepant principles?
One Madhhab declares something to be Haraam while the other states it is permissible. One ruling claims an action to be waajib or Sunnah, while the other says it is not. Yet, oddly they all are correct and upon Haq?
A simple example is if niyya (intention) is a condition of Wudhu’ (ablution) being valid. Maalikis, Shaafi’is and Hanbalis considered it a condition while Hanafis said it is not. This means with three Madhhahib, Wudhu’ is unacceptable without niyya, hence, resulting in one’s prayer to be invalid.
Another example is if madmada (rinsing the mouth) and istinshaaq (snuffing water) during Wudhu’ is obligatory or preferred but not mandatory. Hanbalis say they are obligatory while Hanafis, Maalikis and Shaafi’is say they are recommended. Therefore, determining whether one’s Wudhu’ is valid or not, consequently affecting the prayer itself.
And one does not need to look attentively to realise they differ in almost every aspect of the Deen, rendering it to be lost amongst their disputes and contaminated Usool.
Are they all upon Haq? Truly not. In fact, they are extremely misguided and deserve the torment and punishment like their forefathers, the Jews, Christians and the Polytheists [al-Baqara 2:176]:
ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّ اللَّهَ نَزَّلَ الْكِتَابَ بِالْحَقِّ ۗ وَإِنَّ الَّذِينَ اخْتَلَفُوا فِي الْكِتَابِ لَفِي شِقَاقٍ بَعِيدٍ
“That is because Allaah has sent down the Book in truth. And indeed, those who differ over the Book are in extreme dissension“
This differing of theirs is evidence of Allaah aza wajal’s misguidance and His disgrace upon them as He did to their forefathers due to the very same reason [al-Baqara 2:213]:
كَانَ النَّاسُ أُمَّةً وَاحِدَةً فَبَعَثَ اللَّهُ النَّبِيِّينَ مُبَشِّرِينَ وَمُنذِرِينَ وَأَنزَلَ مَعَهُمُ الْكِتَابَ بِالْحَقِّ لِيَحْكُمَ بَيْنَ النَّاسِ فِيمَا اخْتَلَفُوا فِيهِ ۚ وَمَا اخْتَلَفَ فِيهِ إِلَّا الَّذِينَ أُوتُوهُ مِن بَعْدِ مَا جَاءَتْهُمُ الْبَيِّنَاتُ بَغْيًا بَيْنَهُمْ ۖ فَهَدَى اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لِمَا اخْتَلَفُوا فِيهِ مِنَ الْحَقِّ بِإِذْنِهِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ يَهْدِي مَن يَشَاءُ إِلَىٰ صِرَاطٍ مُّسْتَقِيمٍ
“Mankind was one community; then Allaah sent the prophets with good tidings and warnings and sent down with them the Scripture in truth to judge between the people concerning that in which they differed. And none differed over the Scripture except those who were given it – after the clear proofs came to them – out of jealous animosity among themselves. And Allaah guided those who believed to the truth concerning that over which they had differed, by His permission. And Allaah guides whom He wills to a straight path”
The Prophet (s) has no association with them and he is their opposite [al-An’aam 6:159]:
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ فَرَّقُوا دِينَهُمْ وَكَانُوا شِيَعًا لَّسْتَ مِنْهُمْ فِي شَيْءٍ ۚ إِنَّمَا أَمْرُهُمْ إِلَى اللَّهِ ثُمَّ يُنَبِّئُهُم بِمَا كَانُوا يَفْعَلُونَ
Indeed, those who have divided their Deen and become denominations – you [O Muhammad] have no concern with them in anything. Their affair is only to Allaah ; then He will inform them about what they used to do.