Weak Ahadith are to be Rejected

Posted: April 10, 2012 by millatibraheem in Ulum ul Hadeeth

Authubillaahi min ash-Shaytaani rajeem

Bismillaahi ar-Rahmaan ar-Raheem, as-Salaatu was-Salaam ‘ala Rasulullaah

Allah aza wa jal says [al-Hijr]

إِنَّا نَحْنُ نَزَّلْنَا الذِّكْرَ وَإِنَّا لَهُ لَحَافِظُونَ

“Indeed, it is We who sent down the Dhikr and surely, We will safeguard it.”

The general misconception people believe Dhikr here is exclusively referring to the Quran.  However, there is no proof for this restriction and it is not what Allah aza wa jal says.  The Dhikr is anything that Allah aza wa jal revealed to Rasulullah (s).  This means not only the Quran is safeguarded by Allah aza wa jal, but also the verbal sayyings of the Prophet Muhammad (s).  Allah aza wa jal says about His Messenger (s) [an-Najm]

مَا ضَلَّ صَاحِبُكُمْ وَمَا غَوَىٰ

وَمَا يَنطِقُ عَنِ الْهَوَىٰ

إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا وَحْيٌ يُوحَ

عَلَّمَهُ شَدِيدُ الْقُوَىٰ

ذُو مِرَّةٍ فَاسْتَوَىٰ

“Your companion has not strayed, nor has he erred, Nor does he speak from desire. It is only an Inspiration that is revealed. Taught to him by one intense in strength.  One (Jibreel) free from any defect in body and mind, and he rose to true form”

Whatever the Prophet (s) spoke about the Deen and practiced from it, all has been preserved and safeguarded by Allah aza wa jal as it is from His promise to safeguard the Dhikr, revealed through Jibreel (a).  Therefore, anything that has not been proven to be Sahih from the Ahadith (pl. for hadith), it is to be rejected and cannot be considered knowledge of Deen.  Allah aza wa jal says [al-Jathiya]

هَٰذَا بَصَائِرُ لِلنَّاسِ وَهُدًى وَرَحْمَةٌ لِّقَوْمٍ يُوقِنُونَ

“This is a clear insight for mankind and guidance and mercy for a people who are certain”

Either we are certain Rasulullah (s) said it, or we are not.  There is no ‘guess’ or ‘maybe’ when it comes to the Deen.  We should never attribute things to Allah aza wa jal that are doubtful. Allah aza wa jal throughout the Quran warns us about following doubt.

So, certainty is established once the Hadith is proven to be Sahih.  And if any weakness is found, certainty has been cancelled and it is Haraam to attribute it to Allah aza wa jal and His Messenger (s).  Allah aza wa jal says about things that are forbidden for us [al-‘A’raf]

وَأَن تَقُولُوا عَلَى اللَّهِ مَا لَا تَعْلَمُونَ

“…And saying about Allah that you do not know”

One of the major crimes of the disbelievers is ascribing things to Allah aza wa jal that He aza wa jal did not reveal.

How can someone say a Hadith that has not proven to be true, be considered part of revelation or be used for good actions?  Allah aza wa jal has not hidden the truth from us, rather, He aza wa jal has sent it down and clarified it, as He aza wa jal says [Ibraheem]

وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَا مِن رَّسُولٍ إِلَّا بِلِسَانِ قَوْمِهِ لِيُبَيِّنَ لَهُ

“We have sent no Messenger save with the tongue of his people, that he might make all clear to them”

For this reason, rejecting weak Ahadith is part of the Deen, Alhumdulillah…

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