Archive for August, 2012

Authubillaahi min ash-Shaytaani rajeem

Bismillaahi ar-Rahmaan ar-Raheem, Allaahumma salay ‘ala Muhammad wa ‘ala aalay Muhammad kamaa salayta ‘ala aali Ibraaheem innaka Hameedum Majeed.  Allaahumma baraak ‘ala Muhammad wa ‘ala aalay Muhammad kamaa baraakta ‘ala aali Ibraaheem innaka Hameedum Majeed.

First Hadeeth

Jarir ibn ‘Abdullaah al-Bojali relates, Rasulullaah sent a battalion to the tribe of Kulthum. Some members of the tribe sought salvation in performing prostration; however the battalion rapidly killed them. When Rasulullaah heard of the news, he ordered their families to be paid half the amount of blood money and said, `I disown every Muslim who settles amongst the Mushrikeen’ His companions asked, “Why is that Ya Rasulullah?” He replied, “You could not distinguish the Muslim from the kaafir.”

The hadeeth is reported by Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi that Hannad ibn al-Sarri narrated to us, Abi Mu’awiyyah narrated to us, from Ishma’il ibn Abi Khalid from Qais bin Abi Hazim from Jarir ibn ‘Abdullaah: that Rasulullaah sent a military expedition to Khath’am. So some people (living there) sought safety by prostrating, but they were met quickly and killed. News of this reached the Prophet upon which he commanded that they be given half of the ‘Aql (blood money). And he said: “I disown every Muslim who settles amongst the Mushrikeen” They said: “Why is that Ya Rasulullaah?” He said: “They should not see each others campfires.”

Abu Dawud said:  “Hushaim, Ma’mar, Khalid al-Wasiti and others narrated without mentioning Jarir.”

at-Tirmidhi said:  “Similar to the narration of Abi Mu’awiyah (no. 1604) but he did not mention in it: “from Jarir” in it, and that is more correct. There is something on this topic from Samurah. Most of the companions of Isma’il said: “From Isma’il, from Qais bin Abu Hazim, that Rasulullaah sent a military expedition.” and they did not mention: “from Jarir” in it. Hammad bin Salamah reported similar to the narration of Abi Mu’awiyah, from Al-Hajjaj bin Artah, from Isma’il bin Abi Khalid, from Qais from Jarir

Ibn Hajr writes in ‘Talkhis al-Habir’: “this hadeeth is reported by Abu Dawud, at-Tirmidhi, ibn Majah from the hadeeth of Jarir…al-Bukhaari, Abu Hatim, Abu Dawud, at-Tirmidhi and ad-Daraqutni graded it as Mursal from Qais ibn Abi Hazim…”

In ‘Takreej Ahadith al-Ihya’, the author writes, “this hadeeth is narrated by an-Nasa’i as Mursal and al-Bukhaari said that the correct view is that this hadeeth is Mursal.”

Abu Hatim al-Razi commenting on the hadeeth (No.942) in his book “‘ilal al-hadeeth” also regarded it as Mursal.

So we have al-Bukhaari, Abu Hatim, Abu Dawud, at-Tirmidhi, ad-Daraqutni, an-Nasa’i all graded this hadeeth as Mursal

Second Hadeeth

‘Abdullaah bin Rabi’ told us: Muhammad bin Ishaq told us: Ibn al-A’rabi told us: Abu Dawud told us: Hannad bin as-Sari told us: Abi Mu’awiyah bin Khazim ad-Darir told us from Isma’il bin Abi Khalid from Qais bin Abi Hazim from Jarir bin ‘Abd Allah al-Bajali; he said: Rasulullaah sent a troop to Khath’am, so some of their people sought protection against them by prostrating (displaying that they were Muslims); but they were quickly put to death. News of this reached the Prophet (s), so he ordered their blood money be halved, and he said, “I  disown from every Muslim who settles between the backs of the Mushrikeen” They said, “Why Ya Rasulullaah?” He said, “Their fires should not be visible to one another” [ Ibn Hazm’s ‘al-Muhalla’ 12/123-127 #2202 and Tabaraani.]

This narration from Abi Mu’awiya and Hafs bin Ghiyath is contradicted by the narrations of Hudbah, Khalid al-Wasiti, Hushaim and others who made it mursal.

Abi Mu’awiya is Mudtarib al-hadeeth according to Ahmed bin Hanbal and he only accepted him if he narrated from al-A’mash.   Hafs became Mukhtalif at the end of his life. So both of their narration is shaadh.

Therefore, the hadeeth is mursal and weak. It is similar to ibn ‘Omars hadith in Sahih al-Bukhaari, instead Rasulullaah said “O Allaah, I disown what Khalid has done”

***Muslim in his Introduction to his Saheeh stated: “Regarding Mursal, our view and the view of the scholars of hadeeth is that it cannot be used as evidence.”

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