Archive for May, 2013

‘Authubullaahi min ashShaytaan arRajeem.

Bismillaah arRaHmaan arRaHeem.

Allaahumma salay ‘ala Muhammad wa ‘ala aalay Muhammad kamaa salayta ‘ala aalay Ibraaheem innaka Hameedum Majeed.  Allaahumma baraak ‘ala Muhammad wa ‘ala aalay Muhammad kamaa baraakta ‘ala aali Ibraaheem innaka Hameedum Majeed.

Allaah aza wa jal said :

إِنَّ اللَّهَ وَمَلَائِكَتَهُ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ ۚ يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا صَلُّوا عَلَيْهِ وَسَلِّمُوا تَسْلِيمًا

Indeed, Allaah and His angels confer blessing upon the Prophet. O you who have believed, ask blessing upon him and ask peace.

[Surah al-‘AHzaab 33:56]

Allaah aza wa jal has commanded the believers to ask for blessings and peace upon the Prophet.  However, Allaah aza wa jal does not tell us how and when to do it.  This is clarified to us in the teachings of Rasoolullaah himself.  Since it was his duty to teach us what was revealed to him from Allaah aza wa jal:

يَا أَيُّهَا الرَّسُولُ بَلِّغْ مَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكَ مِن رَّبِّكَ ۖ وَإِن لَّمْ تَفْعَلْ فَمَا بَلَّغْتَ رِسَالَتَهُ ۚ وَاللَّهُ يَعْصِمُكَ مِنَ النَّاسِ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الْكَافِرِينَ

O Messenger! Proclaim which has been sent down to you from your Lord. And if you do not, then you have not conveyed His Message. Allaah will protect you from mankind. Indeed, Allaah guides not the people who disbelieve.

[Surah al-Ma’idah 5:67]

Consequently, Allaah’s Messenger did not leave any part of the revelation except conveying it to us.  No act of worship will be accepted unless it is in accordance with the revelation of Allaah aza wa jal.  This includes sending blessings and peace.  The proper Sunnah way has been narrated in many authentic ahadeeth:

يلَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ، أَمَّا السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ فَقَدْ عَرَفْنَاهُ فَكَيْفَ الصَّلاَةُ قَالَ ‏”‏ قُولُوا اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ، كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ، اللَّهُمَّ بَارِكْ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ، كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ

Narrated Ka’b bin Ujra: It was said, “O Rasoolullaah! We know how to greet you (asalaam alayk), but how to invoke (asalaat) Allaah for you?”
(Rasoolullaah) said, “Say: Allaahumma salay ‘ala Muhammadin wa ‘ala aalay Muhammaddin, kama salayta ‘ala aalay Ibraaheem, innaka Hameedun majeed.”

[Saheeh al-Bukhaari, Kitaab at-Tafseer]

قَالَ قُلْنَا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ هَذَا التَّسْلِيمُ فَكَيْفَ نُصَلِّي عَلَيْكَ قَالَ ‏”‏ قُولُوا اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ عَبْدِكَ وَرَسُولِكَ، كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، وَبَارِكْ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ ‏

Narrated Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri: We said, “O Rasoolullaah! (We know) this greeting (tasleem) (to you) but how shall we invoke Allaah for you?” He said, “Say: Allaahumma salay ‘ala Muhammadin ‘Abdika wa rasoolika kama salayta ‘ala all Ibraaheem wa barik ‘ala Muhammadin wa ‘ala aalay Muhammadin kama barakta ‘ala all Ibraaheem.’

[Saheeh al-Bukhaari, Kitaab at-Tafseer]

أَنَّهُمْ قَالُوا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ كَيْفَ نُصَلِّي عَلَيْكَ قَالَ ‏”‏ قُولُوا اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَأَزْوَاجِهِ وَذُرِّيَّتِهِ، كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، وَبَارِكْ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَأَزْوَاجِهِ وَذُرِّيَّتِهِ، كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ ‏”‏‏

Narrated Abu Humaid as-Saidi: The people said, “O Rasoolullaah! How may we send Salay upon you?” He said, “Say: Allahumma salay ‘ala  Muhammadin wa azwajihi wa dhurriyyatihi kama salayta ‘ala aalay Ibraaheem; wa barik ‘ala Muhammadin wa azwajihi wa dhurriyyatihi kama barakta ‘ala aalay Ibraaheem innaka Hameedun majeed.

[Saheeh al-Bukhaari]

All of these narrations, and numerous others, convey to us the different ways how Rasoolullaah taught us to do it.  Not a single authentic narration ever said to say “SalAllaahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam”.  What Rasoolullaah taught about Islaam was no doubt revelation from Allaah aza wa jal, as Allaah aza wa jal said about the Prophet:

وَمَا يَنطِقُ عَنِ الْهَوَىٰ

إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا وَحْيٌ يُوحَىٰ

Nor does he speak from desires, It is only but a revelation revealed

[Surah an-Najm 53:3-4]

Now, what remains is when do we send blessings upon the Prophet?  Everyone who knows how to pray properly does this at least in the tashhahud of prayer, before the tasleem.  This is sufficient enough to fulfill the commandment of Allaah aza wa jal.

Despite this, many have claimed that blessings must be sent every time one mentions Rasoolullaah.  This is an abhorrent bid’ah and there is nothing to support such a belief.

They attempt to use some narrations that 1) do not support what they say, and 2) their authenticity is disputed.

رغِم أنفُ رجلٍ ذُكرتُ عنده فلم يصلِّ عليَّ

Abu Hurayra  said: Rasoolullaah said: “May his nose be rubbed in the dust, a man in whose presence I am mentioned and he does not send blessings upon me.”

البخيل الذي من ذكرت عنده فلم يصل عليَّ

al-Husain ibn ‘Ali bin Abi Taalib narrated that the Prophet said: “The miser is the one in whose presence I am mentioned and he does not send blessings upon me.”

Firstly, the ahadeeth do not say every time someone mentions the Prophet, they must send blessings upon him.  The narrations say “in whose presence I am mentioned.” So in the presence whom the Prophet is mentioned, is the one who sends the blessings, not the one mentioning him.

Secondly, the authenticity of these ahadeeth are disputable.  Since the chains are not connected and one or more of the narrators are not upright and reliable.  Such as ‘Abdullaah bin ‘Ali and ‘Abd ur-RaHman bin IsHaaq.  They are not Thiqa.

Nonetheless, the important issue is the proper way of sending blessings upon Rasoolullaah.  That has been proven and it is the only way of doing it.  Saying “SalAllaahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam” is not from Sunnah and it is not the appropriate way.

So one wonders when was the revelation of Allaah aza wa jal, shortened or even replaced by lazy man-made ways?  Allaaho Alim.

SIDE NOTE: al-Khaatib al-Baghdaadi said: “I saw the handwriting of Abu ‘Abdullaah Ahmad bin Hanbal in many ahadeeth in which the Prophet was mentioned.  And he would not write ‘SalAllaahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam’ after his name. I was informed that he used to invoke peace and blessings upon the Prophet by his tongue and not in writing.” [al-Jami’ le-Akhlaq ar-Rawi wa Adab as-Sami’ 1/271]

When were the books of the Imaams tampered with?

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Haraam to Drink While Standing

Posted: May 6, 2013 by millatibraheem in al-Imaan, Fiqh

Authubillaahi min ash-Shaytaani rajeem

Bismillaahi ar-Rahmaan ar-Raheem, Allaahumma salay ‘ala Muhammad wa ‘ala aalay Muhammad kamaa salayta ‘ala aali Ibraaheem innaka Hameedum Majeed.  Allaahumma baraak ‘ala Muhammad wa ‘ala aalay Muhammad kamaa baraakta ‘ala aali Ibraaheem innaka Hameedum Majeed.

Abu Hurayra reported Rasulullaah said:

لاَ يَشْرَبَنَّ أَحَدٌ مِنْكُمْ قَائِمًا فَمَنْ نَسِيَ فَلْيَسْتَقِئْ

None of you should drink standing; and if any one forgets, he must vomit. 

[Saheeh Muslim, Book of Drinks]

The hadeeth is Saheeh and there is nothing ambiguous about it.  The Prophet had clearly prohibited drinking while standing.  And this prohibition is general to all types of drinks.

There are other authentic narrations from the Sahaabah, mentioning that they had seen Rasulullaah drink while standing, but they had never reported any verbal sayings of the Prophet permitting drinking and standing at the same time.  This is understood from several angles:

Firstly, the prohibition was after, therefore what he did before was abrogated.

Secondly, Rasulullaah’s words are wahy from Allaah aza wa jal, hence, they have divine assurance while his actions did not.  The possibility of the Prophet making a mistake does exist as there are several Saheeh ahadeeth proving such incidences occurring.  One being while cutting the prayer short by mistake [Saheeh al-Bukhaari, Book of Prayer & Saheeh Muslim Book of Prayer].

Thirdly, whatever a Sahaabi says or does is not wahy from Allaah aza wa jal and cannot be considered as evidence.  Even if he/she reported witnessing the Prophet doing something, unless he/she was quoting the Prophet himself.

Fourthly, if anyone claims that drinking whilst standing is merely disliked, or that it is recommended to not stand while drinking.  It is obligatory upon them to bring clear evidence from the book of Allaah aza wa jal or authentic sayings of Rasulullaah himself mentioning such conclusions.  Did the Prophet say it was disliked or recommended? If his prohibition was a recommendation, where are the other sayings of Rasulullaah telling us that he did not forbid us but only recommended it to us?  Without this, such a conclusion is a bid’ah.

Nothing can be considered an obligation, recommendation, disliked or prohibited except through wahy from Allaah aza wa jal.  This was the duty of Rasulullaah to tell us and teach us the deen in its totality:

يَا أَيُّهَا الرَّسُولُ بَلِّغْ مَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكَ مِن رَّبِّكَ ۖ وَإِن لَّمْ تَفْعَلْ فَمَا بَلَّغْتَ رِسَالَتَهُ ۚ وَاللَّهُ يَعْصِمُكَ مِنَ النَّاسِ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الْكَافِرِينَ

O Messenger! Proclaim which has been sent down to you from your Lord. And if you do not, then you have not conveyed His Message. Allaah will protect you from mankind. Indeed, Allaah guides not the people who disbelieve.

[Surah al-Ma’idah 5:67]

Therefore, anyone who claims anything without the Prophet actually saying it, has innovated into Islaam that did not exist before.  Our obligation is to follow the wahy, as Allaah aza wa jal said:

اتَّبِعُوا مَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكُم مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ وَلَا تَتَّبِعُوا مِن دُونِهِ أَوْلِيَاءَ ۗ قَلِيلًا مَّا تَذَكَّرُونَ

Follow what has been revealed to you from your Lord and do not follow other than Him any allies. Little do you remember.

[Surah al-‘A’raaf 7:3]