Inauthentic Hadeeth: Mua’dh said “I will do my best and spare no effort to form an opinion”

Posted: July 2, 2013 by millatibraheem in Ulum ul Hadeeth, Weak & Fabricated Hadeeth

‘Authubullaahi min ashShaytaan arRajeem.

Bismillaah arRaHmaan arRaHeem.

Allaahumma salay ‘ala Muhammad wa ‘ala aalay Muhammad kamaa salayta ‘ala aalay Ibraaheem innaka Hameedum Majeed.  Allaahumma baraak ‘ala Muhammad wa ‘ala aalay Muhammad kamaa baraakta ‘ala aali Ibraaheem innaka Hameedum Majeed.

This narration, regarding the question and answer that took place between Rasoolullaah and Mu’adh, has been recorded in Jaami’ at-Tirmidhi and Sunan Abi Dawood.

From Jaami’ at-Tirmidhi:

حَدَّثَنَا هَنَّادٌ، حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، عَنْ شُعْبَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي عَوْنٍ الثَّقَفِيِّ، عَنِ الْحَارِثِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو، عَنْ رِجَالٍ، مِنْ أَصْحَابِ مُعَاذٍ عَنْ مُعَاذٍ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ بَعَثَ مُعَاذًا إِلَى الْيَمَنِ فَقَالَ ‏”‏ كَيْفَ تَقْضِي ‏”‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ أَقْضِي بِمَا فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏”‏ فَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَبِسُنَّةِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ  ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏”‏ فَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ فِي سُنَّةِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ  ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَجْتَهِدُ رَأْيِي ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏”‏ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي وَفَّقَ رَسُولَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ  ‏”

Hannaad told us, Waki’ told us, from Sho’bah, from Abi ‘Awn ath-Thaqafi, from Haarith bin ‘Amr, of men from the companions of Mu’adh, from Mu’adh that Rasoolullaah sent Mu’adh to Yemen.  So he (Rasoolullaah) said: “How will you judge?”
He (Mu’adh) said:
“I will judge by the Book of Allaah.”
He said:
“If it is not in Allaah’s Book ?”
He said:
“Then with the Sunnah of Rasoolullaah.”
He said:
“If it is not in the Sunnah of Rasoolullaah?”
He said:
“I will do my best and spare no effort to form an opinion (ajtahido r’ay).”
He said:
“All praise and thanks to Allaah, the One Who made the messenger of Rasoolullaah suitable.”
First Defect
Haarith bin ‘Amr الْحَارِثِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو
– This person is unknown
– Imaam al-Bukhaari had said: لا يصح – حديث أشار إليه – ولا يعرف إلا بهذا مرسل
Second Defect
Men, from the companions of Mu’adh عَنْ رِجَالٍ، مِنْ أَصْحَابِ مُعَاذٍ
 – These men aren’t named, therefore, they are unknown
This Hadeeth is reject based upon its disconnected and unreliable chain of narration.
Same wording from Sunan Abi Dawood:
حَدَّثَنَا حَفْصُ بْنُ عُمَرَ، عَنْ شُعْبَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي عَوْنٍ، عَنِ الْحَارِثِ بْنِ عَمْرِو بْنِ أَخِي الْمُغِيرَةِ بْنِ شُعْبَةَ، عَنْ أُنَاسٍ، مِنْ أَهْلِ حِمْصَ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ مُعَاذِ بْنِ جَبَلٍ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم لَمَّا أَرَادَ أَنْ يَبْعَثَ مُعَاذًا إِلَى الْيَمَنِ قَالَ ‏”‏ كَيْفَ تَقْضِي إِذَا عَرَضَ لَكَ قَضَاءٌ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَقْضِي بِكِتَابِ اللَّهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏”‏ فَإِنْ لَمْ تَجِدْ فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَبِسُنَّةِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ  ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏”‏ فَإِنْ لَمْ تَجِدْ فِي سُنَّةِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَلاَ فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَجْتَهِدُ رَأْيِي وَلاَ آلُو ‏.‏ فَضَرَبَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم صَدْرَهُ وَقَالَ ‏”‏ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي وَفَّقَ رَسُولَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ لِمَا يُرْضِي رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ‏”
Hafs bin ‘Amra told us, from Sho’bah, from Abi ‘Awn, from Haarith bin ‘Amr,  the nephew of al-Mogheerah bin Sho’bah …
First Defect
Haarith bin ‘Amr الْحَارِثِ بْنِ عَمْرِو
– Unknown narrator
Second Defect
Folk of Hims from the companions of Mu’adh bin Jabal أُنَاسٍ، مِنْ أَهْلِ حِمْصَ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ مُعَاذِ بْنِ جَبَلٍ
– They are unknown and not named
Once again, we have the same problems as the above Hadeeth.  Therefore, this Hadeeth is  also reject based upon its disconnected and unreliable chain of narration.
Some may say that even though this Hadeeth is inauthentic, the wording is correct.  This saying is false since no one can make judgment without going to the Qur’aan and Sunnah.  Both of these are to be used as a means of judgment and neither of the two can be left off while making a ruling.  So this saying of theres that the wording is correct only shows their lack of understanding the Deen of Allaah aza wa jal.
Allaah aza wa jal said [Surah al-Ma’idah]:
وَأَنزَلْنَا إِلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ بِالْحَقِّ مُصَدِّقًا لِّمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ مِنَ الْكِتَابِ وَمُهَيْمِنًا عَلَيْهِ ۖ فَاحْكُم بَيْنَهُم بِمَا أَنزَلَ اللَّهُ ۖ وَلَا تَتَّبِعْ أَهْوَاءَهُمْ عَمَّا جَاءَكَ مِنَ الْحَقِّ ۚ لِكُلٍّ جَعَلْنَا مِنكُمْ شِرْعَةً وَمِنْهَاجًا ۚ وَلَوْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ لَجَعَلَكُمْ أُمَّةً وَاحِدَةً وَلَٰكِن لِّيَبْلُوَكُمْ فِي مَا آتَاكُمْ ۖ فَاسْتَبِقُوا الْخَيْرَاتِ ۚ إِلَى اللَّهِ مَرْجِعُكُمْ جَمِيعًا فَيُنَبِّئُكُم بِمَا كُنتُمْ فِيهِ تَخْتَلِفُونَ
And We have revealed to you, the Book in truth, confirming that which preceded it of the Scripture and as a criterion over it. So judge between them by what Allaah has revealed and do not follow their inclinations away from what has come to you of the truth. To each of you We prescribed a law and a method. Had Allaah willed, He would have made you one nation, but to test you in what He has given you; so race to good. To Allaah is your return all together, and He will inform you concerning that over which you used to differ.
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