Archive for March, 2015

Many inauthentic ahadith are circulated about the virtues of one memorizing the Quraan.  Some of the the popular ones will be listed here along with their unreliability.  Only the major hadith books will be used and the untrustworthy narrators will briefly be mentioned.  It is up to the reader to further do research.

First weak hadith:

حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ عَمْرِو بْنِ السَّرْحِ، أَخْبَرَنَا ابْنُ وَهْبٍ، أَخْبَرَنِي يَحْيَى بْنُ أَيُّوبَ، عَنْ زَبَّانَ بْنِ فَائِدٍ، عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ مُعَاذٍ الْجُهَنِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ  قَالَ ‏ “‏ مَنْ قَرَأَ الْقُرْآنَ وَعَمِلَ بِمَا فِيهِ أُلْبِسَ وَالِدَاهُ تَاجًا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ ضَوْؤُهُ أَحْسَنُ مِنْ ضَوْءِ الشَّمْسِ فِي بُيُوتِ الدُّنْيَا لَوْ كَانَتْ فِيكُمْ فَمَا ظَنُّكُمْ بِالَّذِي عَمِلَ بِهَذَا ‏”

“If anyone recites the Quraan and acts according to its content, on the Day of Judgement his parents will be given to wear a crown whose light is better than the light of the sun in the dwellings of this world if it were among you. So what do you think of him who acts according to this?”
(Sunan Abu Dawud, Musnad Abi Y’ala…)
PROBLEMS:
  • يحيى بن أيوب – He narrated few ahadith and his reliability was not established.  Hence, his reports were taken as secondary evidences. (an-Nisai)  Abu J’afar al-‘Aqeeli mentioned him in his book of weak reporters and Ibn Hazm said he was weak.
  • زبان بن فائد – Ahmad b. Hanbal mentioned him to be from munakeer and Yahya b. Ma’een said he was weak.  Abu J’afar counted him to be from among the weak.
  • سهل بن معاذ الجهني – Yahya b. Ma’een said he was weak.

Second weak hadith:

حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ حُجْرٍ، أَخْبَرَنَا حَفْصُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ، عَنْ كَثِيرِ بْنِ زَاذَانَ، عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ ضَمْرَةَ، عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ  ‏ “‏ مَنْ قَرَأَ الْقُرْآنَ وَاسْتَظْهَرَهُ فَأَحَلَّ حَلاَلَهُ وَحَرَّمَ حَرَامَهُ أَدْخَلَهُ اللَّهُ بِهِ الْجَنَّةَ وَشَفَّعَهُ فِي عَشَرَةٍ مِنْ أَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ كُلُّهُمْ وَجَبَتْ لَهُ النَّارُ ‏”

“Whoever recites the Quraan and memorizes it, making lawful what it makes lawful, and unlawful what it makes unlawful, Allah will admit him to Paradise due to it, and grant him intercession for ten of his family members who were to be consigned to the Fire.”

(at-Tirmidhi & Ibn Maajah, at-Tirmidhi said it’s gharib )

PROBLEMS:

  • حفص بن سليمان – ‘Ali b. al-Madini, Abu Haatim, Abu Zurra, Abu J’afar, and Abu Faraj b. al-Jowzi all said he was weak.  ad-Daraaqutni mentioned him from the weak and rejected, and an-Nisai said he was matrook.
  • كثير بن زاذان – Both Abu Haatim and Abu Zurra said he was unknown.

Third weak hadith:

حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُوسَى، أَنْبَأَنَا شَيْبَانُ، عَنْ فِرَاسٍ، عَنْ عَطِيَّةَ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ‏ “‏ يُقَالُ لِصَاحِبِ الْقُرْآنِ إِذَا دَخَلَ الْجَنَّةَ اقْرَأْ وَاصْعَدْ ‏.‏ فَيَقْرَأُ وَيَصْعَدُ بِكُلِّ آيَةٍ دَرَجَةً حَتَّى يَقْرَأَ آخِرَ شَىْءٍ مَعَهُ ‏”

“It will be said to the companion of the Quraan, when he enters Paradise: ‘Recite and rise one degree for every Verse,’ until he recites the last thing that he knows.”

(Musnad Ahmad b. Hanbal & Sunan Ibn Maajah)

PROBLEMS:

  • عطية بن سعد – Yahya b. Sa’eed al-Qattan, Sufyian ath-Thowri, Ahmad b. Hanbal, an-Nisai, ad-Daraaqutni, and Abu Haatim all said he was weak.
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