The Reality of Iman

Posted: June 29, 2016 by Admin in Laa ilaha illAllaah

Allah says:

وَإِن كُنتُمْ عَلَىٰ سَفَرٍ وَلَمْ تَجِدُوا كَاتِبًا فَرِهَانٌ مَّقْبُوضَةٌ ۖ فَإِنْ أَمِنَ بَعْضُكُم بَعْضًا فَلْيُؤَدِّ الَّذِي اؤْتُمِنَ أَمَانَتَهُ وَلْيَتَّقِ اللَّهَ رَبَّهُ ۗ وَلَا تَكْتُمُوا الشَّهَادَةَ ۚ وَمَن يَكْتُمْهَا فَإِنَّهُ آثِمٌ قَلْبُهُ ۗ وَاللَّهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ عَلِيمٌ

So when one of you entrusts (amina) to another, then let him who is entrusted (u’tumina) discharge his trust (amanatahu). (2:283)

هُوَ اللَّهُ الَّذِي لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الْمَلِكُ الْقُدُّوسُ السَّلَامُ الْمُؤْمِنُ الْمُهَيْمِنُ الْعَزِيزُ الْجَبَّارُ الْمُتَكَبِّرُ ۚ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ عَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ

He is Allah…Al-Mu’min, ie. the one who grants security. (59:23)

أَأَمِنتُم مَّن فِي السَّمَاءِ أَن يَخْسِفَ بِكُمُ الْأَرْضَ فَإِذَا هِيَ تَمُورُ

Do you feel secure (a-amintum) that He who is in the heavens, will not cause the earth to swallow you when it sways? (67:16)

Iman, ie. trust or faith, is related to amanah, ie. a trust or amana, ie. security.

أَلَمْ تَرَ إِلَى الَّذِينَ يَزْعُمُونَ أَنَّهُمْ آمَنُوا بِمَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكَ وَمَا أُنزِلَ مِن قَبْلِكَ يُرِيدُونَ أَن يَتَحَاكَمُوا إِلَى الطَّاغُوتِ وَقَدْ أُمِرُوا أَن يَكْفُرُوا بِهِ وَيُرِيدُ الشَّيْطَانُ أَن يُضِلَّهُمْ ضَلَالًا بَعِيدًا

Have you not looked to those who claim that they (amanu) believe…(4:60)

يَا أَيُّهَا الرَّسُولُ لَا يَحْزُنكَ الَّذِينَ يُسَارِعُونَ فِي الْكُفْرِ مِنَ الَّذِينَ قَالُوا آمَنَّا بِأَفْوَاهِهِمْ وَلَمْ تُؤْمِن قُلُوبُهُمْ

O Messenger, let them not grieve you who hasten into disbelief of those who say, “We believe (amanna)” with their mouths, but their hearts do not believe (tu’min)…(5:41)

قَالَتِ الْأَعْرَابُ آمَنَّا ۖ قُل لَّمْ تُؤْمِنُوا وَلَٰكِن قُولُوا أَسْلَمْنَا وَلَمَّا يَدْخُلِ الْإِيمَانُ فِي قُلُوبِكُمْ ۖ وَإِن تُطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ لَا يَلِتْكُم مِّنْ أَعْمَالِكُمْ شَيْئًا ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ

The A’arab say, “We have believed (amanna).” Say, “You have not believed (tu’minu); but say, ‘We have submitted (aslamna),’ for Iman has not entered your hearts yet…(49:14)

Iman solely exists in the heart, as one believes and trusts with his heart. It is what he feels and not what he says or does with his limbs, though one may testify to his Iman with his tongue.

Iman is a state, which may increase:

الَّذِينَ قَالَ لَهُمُ النَّاسُ إِنَّ النَّاسَ قَدْ جَمَعُوا لَكُمْ فَاخْشَوْهُمْ فَزَادَهُمْ إِيمَانًا وَقَالُوا حَسْبُنَا اللَّهُ وَنِعْمَ الْوَكِيلُ

Those who said to them, “Indeed, the people have certainly gathered against you, so fear them.” But it only increased them in Iman, and they said, “Allah is sufficient for us, and the one who best disposes of our affairs.” (3:173)

إِنَّمَا الْمُؤْمِنُونَ الَّذِينَ إِذَا ذُكِرَ اللَّهُ وَجِلَتْ قُلُوبُهُمْ وَإِذَا تُلِيَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتُهُ زَادَتْهُمْ إِيمَانًا وَعَلَىٰ رَبِّهِمْ يَتَوَكَّلُونَ

The believers are only those who, when Allah is mentioned, their hearts become fearful, and when His Ayat are recited upon them, it increases them in Iman; and upon their Lord they rely. (8:2)

وَإِذَا مَا أُنزِلَتْ سُورَةٌ فَمِنْهُم مَّن يَقُولُ أَيُّكُمْ زَادَتْهُ هَٰذِهِ إِيمَانًا ۚ فَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا فَزَادَتْهُمْ إِيمَانًا وَهُمْ يَسْتَبْشِرُونَ

And whenever a surah is revealed, among them are ones who say, “Which of you had [his] Iman increased by this?” As for those who believed, it had increased them in Iman, while they are rejoicing. (9:124)

وَلَمَّا رَأَى الْمُؤْمِنُونَ الْأَحْزَابَ قَالُوا هَٰذَا مَا وَعَدَنَا اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَصَدَقَ اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ ۚ وَمَا زَادَهُمْ إِلَّا إِيمَانًا وَتَسْلِيمًا

And when the believers saw the companies, they said, “This is what Allah and His Messenger had promised us, and Allah and His Messenger spoke the truth.” And it only increased them in faith and acceptance. (33:22)

هُوَ الَّذِي أَنزَلَ السَّكِينَةَ فِي قُلُوبِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ لِيَزْدَادُوا إِيمَانًا مَّعَ إِيمَانِهِمْ ۗ وَلِلَّهِ جُنُودُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۚ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ عَلِيمًا حَكِيمًا

It is He who sent tranquillity down into the hearts of the believers that they would increase in Iman along with their [present] Iman. And to Allah belong the soldiers of the heavens and the earth, and ever is Allah Knowing, Wise. (48:4)

Likewise, one might disbelieve after having Iman

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا ثُمَّ كَفَرُوا ثُمَّ آمَنُوا ثُمَّ كَفَرُوا ثُمَّ ازْدَادُوا كُفْرًا لَّمْ يَكُنِ اللَّهُ لِيَغْفِرَ لَهُمْ وَلَا لِيَهْدِيَهُمْ سَبِيلًا

Indeed, those who have believed then disbelieved, then believed, then disbelieved, and then increased in disbelief – never will Allah forgive them, nor will He guide them to a way. (4:137)

يَحْذَرُ الْمُنَافِقُونَ أَن تُنَزَّلَ عَلَيْهِمْ سُورَةٌ تُنَبِّئُهُم بِمَا فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ ۚ قُلِ اسْتَهْزِئُوا إِنَّ اللَّهَ مُخْرِجٌ مَّا تَحْذَرُونَ, وَلَئِن سَأَلْتَهُمْ لَيَقُولُنَّ إِنَّمَا كُنَّا نَخُوضُ وَنَلْعَبُ ۚ قُلْ أَبِاللَّهِ وَآيَاتِهِ وَرَسُولِهِ كُنتُمْ تَسْتَهْزِئُونَ, لَا تَعْتَذِرُوا قَدْ كَفَرْتُم بَعْدَ إِيمَانِكُمْ ۚ إِن نَّعْفُ عَن طَائِفَةٍ مِّنكُمْ نُعَذِّبْ طَائِفَةً بِأَنَّهُمْ كَانُوا مُجْرِمِينَ

They hypocrites are apprehensive lest a surah be revealed about them, informing them of what is within their hearts. Say, “Mock; indeed, Allah will expose that which you fear.” And if you ask them, they will surely say, “We were only conversing and playing.” Say, “Is it Allah and His Ayat and His Messenger, you were mocking? Make no excuse; you have disbelieved after your Iman. If We pardon one faction of you – We will punish another faction because they were criminals. (9:64-66)

مَن كَفَرَ بِاللَّهِ مِن بَعْدِ إِيمَانِهِ إِلَّا مَنْ أُكْرِهَ وَقَلْبُهُ مُطْمَئِنٌّ بِالْإِيمَانِ وَلَٰكِن مَّن شَرَحَ بِالْكُفْرِ صَدْرًا فَعَلَيْهِمْ غَضَبٌ مِّنَ اللَّهِ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ

Whoever disbelieves in Allah after his Iman…except for the one who is compelled, while his heart is satisfied with Iman. But those who expand their breasts with disbelief, Allah’s wrath is upon them, and a great punishment. (16:106)

The Qur’an never says Iman goes up and down due to one’s actions, or that Iman consists of faith, speech and deeds. Though one could reasonably say, that one’s words and deeds may be how his Iman manifests.

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Comments
  1. Abdurrahman says:

    Selam Alejkum. Bismillah. I was following these site and its articles. I have some questions.

    First of all: I see that topics are (maybe) contradictory in aqidah. For example in first articles you were talking about rejecting Tawageet and similar topics but latest articles (maybe) have different outlook. Maybe you have changed your views after yout see certain evidences.

    Maybe I am wrong or not.

    So my question is this.

    What is Asl Deen for you.? What is minimum requirement for someone to be regarded as Muslim in sight of Allah, as well for other Muslims.

    What do you say for those who make exuse of ignorance for those who commit Sirk al Akbar we Kufr al Akbar.

    I hope I will get an answer on this question from you.

  2. Abdurrahman says:

    Selam Alejkum. Bismillah.
    Straight Questions for you. I hope you will be able to answer them properly.

    What is Asl Deen?

    What is the minimal requirement for someone to be Muslim in sight of Allah and in sight of other Muslims as well?

    What is your opinion based upon Qur’an and the Hadith, about exusing people with Jahl when they commit Shirk al Akbar we Kufr al Akbar?

  3. Selam Alejkum. Bismillah.
    Straight Questions for you. I hope you will be able to answer them properly.

    What is Asl Deen?

    What is the minimal requirement for someone to be Muslim in sight of Allah and in sight of other Muslims as well?

    What is your opinion based upon Qur’an and the Hadith, about exusing people with Jahl when they commit Shirk al Akbar we Kufr al Akbar?

    I am sorry if posted this many times but I encountered problem when posting on you blog.

    • Admin says:

      As-salamu ‘alayka,

      Firstly we should understand that terms such as asluddin, shirk akbar, or kufr akbar were not used by Allah in the Qur’an and that these are merely terminologies invented by certain individuals to describe their particular point of view. Hence they are arbitrary, ie. based on desires.

      Throughout the Qur’an you will find verses indicating that Allah does not punish a people until He sends a messenger, and that the purpose of sending messengers is to clarify His ayat. Since only Allah knows what one perceives, comprehends and feels, only He would know whether that individual has truly rejected His ayat.

      • But still you didn’t answer my question.

        What is minimum requirement for me to be a Muslim?

        Shirk al Akbar is the one which expels from Islam and person becomes Mushrik.

        For example if someone make Ibadah toward Thagut (which is every false Ilah).

        Allah mentions this in many ayats.

        Why it is called like that is because there is Shirk al Asghar (Minor Shirk) which is mentioned in Hadith.

        I asked you about excusing people with ignorance (jahl) when they commit Shirk.

      • Admin says:

        The division of the Din into asl and furu’ is a bid’ah

        Allah distinguishes the Muslim from the Mujrim (criminal). The Mujrimin display kibr towards the ayat of Allah. So one could say at the very least, the Muslim should not be a Mujrim, as in, arrogant towards Allah’s signs.

        There is a difference between Islam and Mu’min since not everyone who does aslama, or shows Islam, is necessarily a Mu’min.

        Shirk and Kufr are two separate realities. Shirk is making someone or something share, in this case making someone share with Allah, or saying that they are Allah’s partners. Not everyone who does ashraka, or shirk is necessarily a Mushrik. For example some among the Ahlul Kitab did ashraka, yet Allah distinguishes between them and the Mushrikin, so they are two separate groups even though they both did shirk.

        Those who call themselves Muslims today have also inherited the Kitab, just like the Jews and Christians, and among them are those who believe and those who do not. So since they have inherited a book they’re closer to those who were given the Kitab than those who were called Mushrikin by the Qur’an.

        Someone may be excused for Shirk if no warner had come to them. Only those who denied the clear signs brought to them by their Rasul were kafirun, since those are the only ones we know the message was clearly presented to. As for all those living in a different context, only Allah knows whether the message was clarified to them. Just because someone has brought forth a hujjah, ie. an argument, does not necessarily mean his argument was convincing. So they are merely a division from among the people (an-nas) and not kafirun.

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