Archive for the ‘al-Imaan’ Category

Iman Increases Per Events and Not Deeds

Posted: March 9, 2017 by millatibraheem in al-Imaan, Arabic

Whenever the increase of Iman is mentioned, it is due to an incident of an event and not deeds being committed.

In Aali-Imraan 3:173,

الَّذينَ قالَ لَهُمُ النّاسُ إِنَّ النّاسَ قَد جَمَعوا لَكُم فَاخشَوهُم فَزادَهُم إيمانًا وَقالوا حَسبُنَا اللَّهُ وَنِعمَ الوَكيلُ

Those to whom the people said, ‘indeed the people have gathered against you; so fear them.’ But it only increased them in Iman, and they said, ‘Allah is sufficient for us, and He is an excellent trustee.’

Here, it was a fearful event.

In at-Tawba 9:124,

وَإِذا ما أُنزِلَت سورَةٌ فَمِنهُم مَن يَقولُ أَيُّكُم زادَتهُ هٰذِهِ إيمانًا ۚ فَأَمَّا الَّذينَ آمَنوا فَزادَتهُم إيمانًا وَهُم يَستَبشِرونَ

And whenever a surah is revealed/sent down, there are those who say, “Which of you has this increased Iman?” As for those who believed, it has increased them in Iman, while they are rejoicing

The increase here was due to the surah being sent down/revealed.

Allah says,

إِنَّمَا المُؤمِنونَ الَّذينَ إِذا ذُكِرَ اللَّهُ وَجِلَت قُلوبُهُم وَإِذا تُلِيَت عَلَيهِم آياتُهُ زادَتهُم إيمانًا وَعَلىٰ رَبِّهِم يَتَوَكَّلونَ

The believers are only those whose hearts tremble when Allah is mentioned and when His signs/verses/ayaat are recited to them, it increases their Iman and  put their trust in their Lord

(al-Anfal 8:2)

The increase here is by the mere mentioning of Allah and the recitation of his verses or signs, i.e. the creation.

In Surah al-Ahzab 33:22,

وَلَمّا رَأَى المُؤمِنونَ الأَحزابَ قالوا هٰذا ما وَعَدَنَا اللَّهُ وَرَسولُهُ وَصَدَقَ اللَّهُ وَرَسولُهُ ۚ وَما زادَهُم إِلّا إيمانًا وَتَسليمًا

And when the believers saw the confederates, they said, “This is what Allah and His Messenger had promised us, and Allah and His Messenger spoke the truth.” And it increased them only in faith and acceptance.

In Surah al-Fath 48:8,

هُوَ الَّذي أَنزَلَ السَّكينَةَ في قُلوبِ المُؤمِنينَ لِيَزدادوا إيمانًا مَعَ إيمانِهِم ۗ وَلِلَّهِ جُنودُ السَّماواتِ وَالأَرضِ ۚ وَكانَ اللَّهُ عَليمًا حَكيمًا

It is He who sent down tranquillity/calmness/security into the hearts of the believers that they would increase in Iman along with their [present] Iman. And to Allah belong the soldiers of the heavens and the earth, and ever is Allah Knowing and Wise.

Allah says the increase of Iman occurs when He sends the sakeenat into the hearts of the believers.

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Where is Allah?

Posted: April 9, 2014 by millatibraheem in al-Imaan

Allah is where ever we turn, Allaah aza wajjal said:

وَلِلَّهِ الْمَشْرِقُ وَالْمَغْرِبُ ۚ فَأَيْنَمَا تُوَلُّوا فَثَمَّ وَجْهُ اللَّهِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ وَاسِعٌ عَلِيمٌ

And to Allaah belongs the east and the west. So wherever you turn, there is the wajh of Allaah . Indeed, Allaah is all-Encompassing and Knowing.

Allaah is “Fawq,” Allaah aza wajal said:

يَخَافُونَ رَبَّهُم مِّن فَوْقِهِمْ وَيَفْعَلُونَ مَا يُؤْمَرُونَ

They fear their Lord above them, and they do what they are commanded.

Allaah “‘alal ‘arsh istawa,” Allaah aza wajjal said:

الرَّحْمَٰنُ عَلَى الْعَرْشِ اسْتَوَىٰ

The Most Merciful [who is] above the Throne established.

Allaah is closer to us than jugular vein, Allaah aza wajjal said:

وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنسَانَ وَنَعْلَمُ مَا تُوَسْوِسُ بِهِ نَفْسُهُ ۖ وَنَحْنُ أَقْرَبُ إِلَيْهِ مِنْ حَبْلِ الْوَرِيدِ

And We have already created man and know what his soul whispers to him, and We are closer to him than [his] jugular vein.

Allaah is with us wherever we are, Allaah aza wajjal said:

وَهُوَ مَعَكُمْ أَيْنَ مَا كُنتُمْ ۚ وَاللَّهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ بَصِيرٌ

…And He is with you where ever you may be. And Allaah is the All-Seer of what you do.

Allaah is in the heaven, Allaah aza wajjal said:

أَمْ أَمِنتُم مَّن فِي السَّمَاءِ أَن يُرْسِلَ عَلَيْكُمْ حَاصِبًا ۖ فَسَتَعْلَمُونَ كَيْفَ نَذِيرِ

Or do you feel secure that He who [is] in the heaven would not send against you a storm of stones? Then you would know how [severe] was My warning.

Allaah is in front of us when we pray, Rasoolullaah said:

ذَا كَانَ أَحَدُكُمْ يُصَلِّي، فَلاَ يَبْصُقْ قِبَلَ وَجْهِهِ، فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ قِبَلَ وَجْهِهِ إِذَا صَلَّى

“Whenever any one of you is praying, he should not spit in front of him, because in the prayer Allaah is in front of him.”

[Muwatta Malik, Saheeh al-Bukhaari, Saheeh Muslim, Sunan an-Nasaa’i]

Allaah descends to lowest heaven last third of the night, Rasoolullaah said:

يَتَنَزَّلُ رَبُّنَا تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى كُلَّ لَيْلَةٍ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ الدُّنْيَا حِينَ يَبْقَى ثُلُثُ اللَّيْلِ الآخِرُ يَقُولُ مَنْ يَدْعُونِي فَأَسْتَجِيبَ لَهُ، مَنْ يَسْأَلُنِي فَأُعْطِيَهُ، وَمَنْ يَسْتَغْفِرُنِي فَأَغْفِرَ لَهُ

“When it is the last third of the night, our Lord, the Blessed, the Superior, descends every night to the lowest heaven of the world and says, ‘Is there anyone who invokes Me, that I may respond to his invocation? Is there anyone who asks Me for something that I may give (it to) him; Is there anyone who asks My forgiveness that I may forgive him?’

[Muwatta Malik, Saheeh al-Bukhaari, Saheeh Muslim, Sunan Abu Dawood]

  • If someone says that these ayaat and ahadeeth should not be taken on their apparent meaning, it should be asked, what is the difference between them and other people who say that other verses and ahadeeth should not be taken on their apparent meaning?  This is following desires without any revelation from Allaah aza wajjal.
  • If someone asks, how can Allaah aza wajjal be in the heaven and be with us where ever we are?  It should be asked, how can Allaah aza wajjal be in the heaven and also descend to the lowest heaven last third of the night?  Since there is 24 hours all around the globe, day time in some parts of the earth while night time in another.
  • If they say they do not know “how,” it should be said: we do not know “how” either and it is an abhorrent bid’ah to try to explain the ayaat and ahadeeth in any other manner other than apparent without revelation from Allaah aza wajjal.

Allah Created Adam in His Image

Posted: November 10, 2013 by millatibraheem in al-Imaan

Some of the early scholars, aka “Salaf,” made the claim that when Rasoolullaah said:

خَلَقَ اللَّهُ آدَمَ عَلَى صُورَتِهِ

“Allah created Adam in his image…”

 The word “sooratihi” (image) is referring to Allah himself and not Adam. As a consequence, they went on to say it means Allah gave Adam a face, sight, hearing etc. But they negated these to be similar to Allah himself. Like Allah has a face, therefore Adam had a face but Adam’s face was not like Allah’s.

And that is what some scholars, such as Abu Bakr al-Khallal, have attributed to Ahmad bin Hanbal.   However, to believe that “image” is referring to Allah and not Adam, opposes how Rasoolullaah explained the word “sooratihi.” Therefore, to adopt what Ahmad bin Hanbal believed is no doubt baatil and haraam.

Nabi of Allah said “sooratihi” is in regarding  Adam and NOT Allah. To say it is Allah’s image is wrong and a bid’ah.  The full narration is collected in the Saheehayn:

” خَلَقَ اللَّهُ آدَمَ عَلَى صُورَتِهِ، طُولُهُ سِتُّونَ ذِرَاعًا، فَلَمَّا خَلَقَهُ قَالَ اذْهَبْ فَسَلِّمْ عَلَى أُولَئِكَ النَّفَرِ مِنَ الْمَلاَئِكَةِ جُلُوسٌ، فَاسْتَمِعْ مَا يُحَيُّونَكَ، فَإِنَّهَا تَحِيَّتُكَ وَتَحِيَّةُ ذُرِّيَّتِكَ. فَقَالَ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ. فَقَالُوا السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ. فَزَادُوهُ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ، فَكُلُّ مَنْ يَدْخُلُ الْجَنَّةَ عَلَى صُورَةِ آدَمَ، فَلَمْ يَزَلِ الْخَلْقُ يَنْقُصُ بَعْدُ حَتَّى الآنَ “

The wording is from Saheeh al-Bukhaari, Book of Asking Permission, Chapter “How the Salaam began” narrated by Abu Hurayrah, the Prophet said:

“Allah created Adam in his image, sixty cubits in height. When He created him, He said, “Go and greet that group of angels sitting there, and listen what they will say in reply to you, for that will be your greeting and the greeting of your offspring.” Adam said, ‘As-Salaamo ‘Alaykum.’ They replied, ‘As-Salaamo ‘Alayka wa Rahmatullaah So they increased ‘Wa Rahmatullaah’

The Prophet added ‘So whoever will enter Paradise, will be of the shape and image of Adam Since then the creation of Adam’s to the present time.”

As Rasoolullaah fulfilled his duty of not only conveying the revelation, but also explaining it, the only acceptable way to understand this hadeeth is to believe that “image” or “soorat” is regarding Adam and not Allah.  Whoever believes Allah has an image has opposed Allah’s Messenger.

Haraam to Drink While Standing

Posted: May 6, 2013 by millatibraheem in al-Imaan, Fiqh

Authubillaahi min ash-Shaytaani rajeem

Bismillaahi ar-Rahmaan ar-Raheem, Allaahumma salay ‘ala Muhammad wa ‘ala aalay Muhammad kamaa salayta ‘ala aali Ibraaheem innaka Hameedum Majeed.  Allaahumma baraak ‘ala Muhammad wa ‘ala aalay Muhammad kamaa baraakta ‘ala aali Ibraaheem innaka Hameedum Majeed.

Abu Hurayra reported Rasulullaah said:

لاَ يَشْرَبَنَّ أَحَدٌ مِنْكُمْ قَائِمًا فَمَنْ نَسِيَ فَلْيَسْتَقِئْ

None of you should drink standing; and if any one forgets, he must vomit. 

[Saheeh Muslim, Book of Drinks]

The hadeeth is Saheeh and there is nothing ambiguous about it.  The Prophet had clearly prohibited drinking while standing.  And this prohibition is general to all types of drinks.

There are other authentic narrations from the Sahaabah, mentioning that they had seen Rasulullaah drink while standing, but they had never reported any verbal sayings of the Prophet permitting drinking and standing at the same time.  This is understood from several angles:

Firstly, the prohibition was after, therefore what he did before was abrogated.

Secondly, Rasulullaah’s words are wahy from Allaah aza wa jal, hence, they have divine assurance while his actions did not.  The possibility of the Prophet making a mistake does exist as there are several Saheeh ahadeeth proving such incidences occurring.  One being while cutting the prayer short by mistake [Saheeh al-Bukhaari, Book of Prayer & Saheeh Muslim Book of Prayer].

Thirdly, whatever a Sahaabi says or does is not wahy from Allaah aza wa jal and cannot be considered as evidence.  Even if he/she reported witnessing the Prophet doing something, unless he/she was quoting the Prophet himself.

Fourthly, if anyone claims that drinking whilst standing is merely disliked, or that it is recommended to not stand while drinking.  It is obligatory upon them to bring clear evidence from the book of Allaah aza wa jal or authentic sayings of Rasulullaah himself mentioning such conclusions.  Did the Prophet say it was disliked or recommended? If his prohibition was a recommendation, where are the other sayings of Rasulullaah telling us that he did not forbid us but only recommended it to us?  Without this, such a conclusion is a bid’ah.

Nothing can be considered an obligation, recommendation, disliked or prohibited except through wahy from Allaah aza wa jal.  This was the duty of Rasulullaah to tell us and teach us the deen in its totality:

يَا أَيُّهَا الرَّسُولُ بَلِّغْ مَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكَ مِن رَّبِّكَ ۖ وَإِن لَّمْ تَفْعَلْ فَمَا بَلَّغْتَ رِسَالَتَهُ ۚ وَاللَّهُ يَعْصِمُكَ مِنَ النَّاسِ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الْكَافِرِينَ

O Messenger! Proclaim which has been sent down to you from your Lord. And if you do not, then you have not conveyed His Message. Allaah will protect you from mankind. Indeed, Allaah guides not the people who disbelieve.

[Surah al-Ma’idah 5:67]

Therefore, anyone who claims anything without the Prophet actually saying it, has innovated into Islaam that did not exist before.  Our obligation is to follow the wahy, as Allaah aza wa jal said:

اتَّبِعُوا مَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكُم مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ وَلَا تَتَّبِعُوا مِن دُونِهِ أَوْلِيَاءَ ۗ قَلِيلًا مَّا تَذَكَّرُونَ

Follow what has been revealed to you from your Lord and do not follow other than Him any allies. Little do you remember.

[Surah al-‘A’raaf 7:3]

Ikhtilaaf is Haraam in Islaam

Posted: January 20, 2013 by millatibraheem in al-Imaan

Authubillaahi min ash-Shaytaani rajeem

Bismillaahi ar-Rahmaan ar-Raheem, Allaahumma salay ‘ala Muhammad wa ‘ala aalay Muhammad kamaa salayta ‘ala aali Ibraaheem innaka Hameedum Majeed.  Allaahumma baraak ‘ala Muhammad wa ‘ala aalay Muhammad kamaa baraakta ‘ala aali Ibraaheem innaka Hameedum Majeed.

Allaah aza wa jal says [an-Nisaa’ 4:82]:

أَفَلَا يَتَدَبَّرُونَ الْقُرْآنَ ۚ وَلَوْ كَانَ مِنْ عِندِ غَيْرِ اللَّهِ لَوَجَدُوا فِيهِ اخْتِلَافًا كَثِيرًا

“Then do they not reflect upon the Quraan? If it had been from other than Allaah, they would have found within it much contradiction (ikhtilaaf)”

There is no Ikhtilaaf in Islaam.

 

Allaah aza wa jal says [al-Baqara 2:213]:

فَهَدَى اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لِمَا اخْتَلَفُوا فِيهِ مِنَ الْحَقِّ بِإِذْنِهِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ يَهْدِي مَن يَشَاءُ إِلَىٰ صِرَاطٍ مُّسْتَقِيمٍ

“But Allaah guided those who believed to the truth about what they had differed (ikhtilaaf) in, by His permission. And Allaah guides whom He wills to a straight path.”

The presence of Ikhtilaaf is proof of Allaah aza wa jal misguiding such people.

 

Allaah aza wajal says [ash-Shoora 42:10]:

وَمَا اخْتَلَفْتُمْ فِيهِ مِن شَيْءٍ فَحُكْمُهُ إِلَى اللَّهِ

“And in whatsoever you differ (ikhtalaftum), the judgment thereof is with Allaah”

Allaah aza wajal clearly states that all matters are to be referred to Him to end Ikhtilaaf. Since it is impossible to differ over the revelation of Allaah aza wa jal.

 

Allaah aza wa jal says [an-NaHl 16:64]:

وَمَا أَنزَلْنَا عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ إِلَّا لِتُبَيِّنَ لَهُمُ الَّذِي اخْتَلَفُوا فِيهِ ۙ وَهُدًى وَرَحْمَةً لِّقَوْمٍ يُؤْمِنُونَ

“And We have not revealed to you the Book, except for you to make clear to them that wherein they have differed and as guidance and mercy for a people who believe.”

One of the purposes of the Quraan is to end Ikhtilaaf.  When people abandon Islaam, they differ and cannot solve their disputes.  This is what we see today.

 

In Saheeh al-Bukhaari, ‘Abdullaah bin Mas’oud narrated Rasulullaah (s) said:

لاَ تَخْتَلِفُوا، فَإِنَّ مَنْ كَانَ قَبْلَكُمُ اخْتَلَفُوا فَهَلَكُوا

“Do not have ikhtilaaf, for nations before you had ikhtilaaf and were destroyed”

This incident occurred when two companions differed over the recitation of the Quraan, even though both recitations were from Allaah. Yet, Rasulullaah  forbade ikhtilaaf all together.

Ironically, many scholars from the so called “Ahl us-Sunnah wal Jama’ah” contradict Allaah aza wa jal and permit ikhtilaaf.  In fact, they even fabricated narrations to Rasulullaah saying differing is a mercy.

Therefore, whoever permits ikhtilaaf in the Deen are in opposition to Allaah aza wa jal and Rasulullaah,  and they have become a taaghout, who makes the Haraam into Halaal.

May Allaah aza wa jal make their graves and the hereafter into fire.  Aameen.

How to Understand Allaahs’ Attributes

Posted: July 16, 2012 by millatibraheem in al-Imaan, Rebuttals

Authubillaahi min ash-Shaytaani rajeem

Bismillaahi ar-Rahmaan ar-Raheem, as-Salaatu was-Salaam ‘ala Rasulullaah

People must affirm what Allaah affirmed,  deny what Allaah denied, and refrain from which Allaah refrained.

Allaah told us that He has ‘ilm by His saying:

فَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّمَا أُنْزِلَ بِعِلْمِ اللَّه

“Then know that this only what was sent down by the ‘ilm of Allaah”

So we say that He has ‘ilm just as He said.

Allaah also told us that He is Sami’ [hearing], Baseer [seeing]:

وَهُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْبَصِيرُ

“He is as-Sami’ al-Baṣeer”

We say that He is as-Sami’ and al-Baseer just as He said.  But He did not tell us that He has Sam’ – the faculty of hearing,  nor Baṣar – the faculty of sight.

So it is obligatory to say just as Allaah said and refrain in accordance where He stopped.

Many Scholars Are Astray and Misguide Others

Posted: June 2, 2012 by millatibraheem in al-Imaan, History, Taqlid

Authubillaahi min ash-Shaytaani rajeem

Bismillaahi ar-Rahmaan ar-Raheem, as-Salaatu was-Salaam ‘ala Rasulullaah

Allaah aza wa jal says:

يا أيها الذين آمنوا إن كثيرا من الأحبار والرهبان ليأكلون أموال الناس بالباطل ويصدون عن سبيل الله

O you who have believed, indeed many (katheer) of the scholars and the monks devour the wealth of people unjustly and avert from the way of Allaah…

Collected in the Saheehayn, from Abu Sa’id al-Khudri who said Allaah’s Messenger (s) said:

لَتَتْبَعُنَّ سَنَنَ مَنْ كَانَ قَبْلَكُمْ شِبْرًا شِبْرًا وَذِرَاعًا بِذِرَاعٍ، حَتَّى لَوْ دَخَلُوا جُحْرَ ضَبٍّ تَبِعْتُمُوهُمْ

“You will follow the ways of those who were before you, span by span and cubit by cubit so much so that even if they entered a hole of a lizard, you would follow them.”