Posts Tagged ‘Jaami’

Weak Hadeeth – What I and My Companions are Upon

Posted: November 6, 2014 by millatibraheem in Bid'ah, Rebuttals, Ulum ul Hadeeth
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It is recorded in Jaami’ at-TirmidhiKitaab al-Eemaan, through ‘Abdullaah bin ‘Amr that Allaah’s Messenger said:

لَيَأْتِيَنَّ عَلَى أُمَّتِي مَا أَتَى عَلَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ حَذْوَ النَّعْلِ بِالنَّعْلِ حَتَّى إِنْ كَانَ مِنْهُمْ مَنْ أَتَى أُمَّهُ عَلاَنِيَةً لَكَانَ فِي أُمَّتِي مَنْ يَصْنَعُ ذَلِكَ وَإِنَّ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ تَفَرَّقَتْ عَلَى ثِنْتَيْنِ وَسَبْعِينَ مِلَّةً وَتَفْتَرِقُ أُمَّتِي عَلَى ثَلاَثٍ وَسَبْعِينَ مِلَّةً كُلُّهُمْ فِي النَّارِ إِلاَّ مِلَّةً وَاحِدَةً قَالُوا وَمَنْ هِيَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ قَالَ مَا أَنَا عَلَيْهِ وَأَصْحَابِي

“What befell the children of Israa’eel will befall my Ummah, step by step, such that if there was one who had intercourse with his mother in the open, then there would be someone from my Ummah who would do the same. Indeed the children of Israa’eel split into 72 sects, and my Ummah will split into 73 sects. All of them are in the Fire except one sect.” He said: “And which is it O Messenger of Allaah?” He said: “What I am upon and my Companions.”

Imaam at-Tirmidhi grades this to be “Hassan ghareeb” and finds defect in its chain.  He said: ذَا حَدِيثٌ مُفَسَّرٌ حَسَنٌ غَرِيبٌ لاَ نَعْرِفُهُ مِثْلَ هَذَا إِلاَّ مِنْ هَذَا الْوَجْهِ

However, there is no doubt that this hadeeth is unreliable and its authenticity cannot be established.

The full sanad:  حَدَّثَنَا مَحْمُودُ بْنُ غَيْلاَنَ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو دَاوُدَ الْحَفَرِيُّ، عَنْ سُفْيَانَ الثَّوْرِيِّ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ زِيَادِ بْنِ أَنْعُمَ الإِفْرِيقِيِّ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ

Two Main Defects

1) سُفْيَانَ الثَّوْرِيِّ  he was upright and trustworthy reporter of hadeeth.  Yet, he was a convicted mudallis and frequently narrated ambiguously by saying ‘An. He reports this hadeeth in the same ambiguous manner from…

2) عبد الرحمن بن زياد الإفريقي  who was a weak reporter.

al-Bukhaari said: مقارب الحديث

Ahmed bin Hanbal said: منكر الحديث

an-Nasa’i said ضعيف

ad-Daaraqutni said ضعيف لايحتج به

To be continued…

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