Posts Tagged ‘ulama’

DISCLAIMER: I will be translating “Aalim” and “Ulama” as scholar(s), although this is not the actual meaning.

Many fabricated narrations [lies against the Prophet] have been spread by people and some of these reports are about the virtues of scholars, even though Allaah aza wajal warns us that many of the scholars are misguided, love wealth, and lead people astray further away from Allaah:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِنَّ كَثِيرًا مِّنَ الْأَحْبَارِ وَالرُّهْبَانِ لَيَأْكُلُونَ أَمْوَالَ النَّاسِ بِالْبَاطِلِ وَيَصُدُّونَ عَن سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ ۗ وَالَّذِينَ يَكْنِزُونَ الذَّهَبَ وَالْفِضَّةَ وَلَا يُنفِقُونَهَا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ فَبَشِّرْهُم بِعَذَابٍ أَلِيمٍ

O you who have believed, indeed many of the scholars and the monks devour the wealth of people unjustly and avert [them] from the way of Allaah. And those who hoard gold and silver and spend it not in the way of Allaah – give them tidings of a painful punishment.

(at-Tawbah 9:34)

And the Prophet said:

لَتَتَّبِعُنَّ سَنَنَ الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِكُمْ شِبْرًا بِشِبْرٍ وَذِرَاعًا بِذِرَاعٍ حَتَّى لَوْ دَخَلُوا فِي جُحْرِ ضَبٍّ لاَتَّبَعْتُمُوهُمْ

You will follow the [same] ways of those before you, inch by inch, and step by step, so much so that if they had entered into the hole of the lizard, you would follow them in this also…

(Saheeh al-Bukhaari, Saheeh Muslim, Sunan ibn Maajah)

Since the scholars of the Jews and Christians were the first to corrupt their religion and misguide their people into polytheism and disbelief, the Muslim scholars have also been doing similar, following the same path as people before them.  It is unfortunate that many Muslims today follow wrong beliefs on how great a scholar is, due to fabricated hadeeths being spread around.  InshaAllaah some of those reports will be discussed and only the isnaad that comes in the major hadeeth books will be brought…

First False Hadeeth

العلماء ورثة الأنبياء

…Scholars are inheritors of the Prophets…

(Sunan Abi Daawood, Sunan ibn Maajah, Jaami at-Tirmidhi)

This is one of the popular reports that has been widespread, quoted on numerous occasions, and also falsely related to al-Bukhaari.  It is part of a longer hadeeth that has already been discussed, and  it comes through several unreliable reporters.

Sanad from Sunan Abi Daawoodحَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدُ بْنُ مُسَرْهَدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ دَاوُدَ، سَمِعْتُ عَاصِمَ بْنَ رَجَاءِ بْنِ حَيْوَةَ، يُحَدِّثُ عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ جَمِيلٍ، عَنْ كَثِيرِ بْنِ قَيْسٍ، قَالَ كُنْتُ جَالِسًا مَعَ أَبِي الدَّرْدَاءِ فِي مَسْجِدِ دِمَشْقَ فَجَاءَهُ رَجُلٌ فَقَالَ يَا أَبَا الدَّرْدَاءِ إِنِّي جِئْتُكَ مِنْ مَدِينَةِ الرَّسُولِ صلى الله عليه وسلم لِحَدِيثٍ بَلَغَنِي أَنَّكَ تُحَدِّثُهُ عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ

عاصم بن رجاء الكندي is weak (ref. ad-Daaraqutni) and narrates ambiguously from [‘An] دَاوُدَ بْنِ جَمِيلٍ  who is unknown (ref. ad-Daaraqutni).  دَاوُدَ بْنِ جَمِيلٍ  is also ambiguous when he says from [‘An] كثير بن قيس who is weak (ref. ad-Daaraqutni) and his real name is questionable, whether it is Kathir b. Qays or Qays b. Kathir.  

These men all are in the other isnaad from the major books of ahadeeth.

Another person named شعيب بن رزيق appears in a different sanad and ibn Hazm declared him weak.

Second False Hadeeth

فَضْلُ الْعَالِمِ عَلَى الْعَابِدِ كَفَضْلِ الْقَمَرِ عَلَى سَائِرِ الْكَوَاكِبِ

…Virtue of the scholars over the worshiper is like that of the moon, on the night when it is full, over the rest of the stars…

This is part of the same hadeeth as the first one.  I chose to mention the words exclusively because people speak about it as if it is a separate narration with a different sanad.   So this is also a false narration due to the same reasons mentioned above.  As they are part of the same report.

Third False Hadeeth

فَضْلُ الْعَالِمِ عَلَى الْعَابِدِ كَفَضْلِي عَلَى أَدْنَاكُمْ

Virtue of the scholar over the worshiper is like my superiority over the least of you…

(Jaami’ at-Tirmidhi)

The sanadحَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الأَعْلَى الصَّنْعَانِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا سَلَمَةُ بْنُ رَجَاءٍ، حَدَّثَنَا الْوَلِيدُ بْنُ جَمِيلٍ، حَدَّثَنَا الْقَاسِمُ أَبُو عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، عَنْ أَبِي أُمَامَةَ الْبَاهِلِيِّ، قَالَ ذُكِرَ لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ

سلمة بن رجاء was weak (ref. an-Nasa’i) and he narrates from الْوَلِيدُ بْنُ جَمِيلٍ who was differed over and was not said to be thiqah.

Fourth False Hadeeth

يَشْفَعُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ ثَلاَثَةٌ الأَنْبِيَاءُ ثُمَّ الْعُلَمَاءُ ثُمَّ الشُّهَدَاءُ

“Three will intercede on the Day of Resurrection: The Prophets, then the scholars, then the martyrs.”

(Sunan ibn Maajah)

The sanad:  حَدَّثَنَا سَعِيدُ بْنُ مَرْوَانَ، حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ يُونُسَ، حَدَّثَنَا عَنْبَسَةُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، عَنْ عِلاَقِ بْنِ أَبِي مُسْلِمٍ، عَنْ أَبَانَ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ، عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عَفَّانَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ

 سَعِيدُ بْنُ مَرْوَانَ is not thiqah and narrates from  أَحْمَدُ بْنُ يُونُسَ who is reliable.  أَحْمَدُ بْنُ يُونُسَ narrates from عنبسة بن عبد الرحمن القرشي who was accused of lying and was abandoned (ref. Abu Zurra).  He is then ambiguous in reporting from [‘An] علاق بن أبي مسلم who was unknown.

Fifth False Hadeeth

أَلاَ إِنَّ الدُّنْيَا مَلْعُونَةٌ مَلْعُونٌ مَا فِيهَا إِلاَّ ذِكْرَ اللَّهِ وَمَا وَالاَهُ وَعَالِمًا أَوْ مُتَعَلِّمًا

“Lo! Indeed the world is cursed. What is in it is cursed, except for remembrance of Allaah, what is helpful in that, the ‘Aalim and the learning person.”

(Sunan ibn Maajah, Jaami’ at-Tirmidhi)

Ibn Maajah sanad: حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ مَيْمُونٍ الرَّقِّيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو خُلَيْدٍ، عُتْبَةُ بْنُ حَمَّادٍ الدِّمَشْقِيُّ عَنِ ابْنِ ثَوْبَانَ، عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ قُرَّةَ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ ضَمْرَةَ السَّلُولِيِّ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ

بن ثوبان dependability  is differed upon, so there is doubt over his reports and should not be taken unless proven otherwise.  Also, عبد الله بن ضمرة السلولي is not thiqah and his narrations should not be taken as evidence.

Jaami’ at-Tirmidhi sanad:  حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ حَاتِمٍ الْمُكْتِبُ، حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ ثَابِتٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ ثَابِتِ بْنِ ثَوْبَانَ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ عَطَاءَ بْنَ قُرَّةَ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ ضَمْرَةَ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ، يَقُولُ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ

علي بن ثابت he is good but his reliability has been tainted due to him making mistakes (ref. Abu Zurra).  And the rest of the sanad has the same problems as the previous one.

To be continued…

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